1. Coal India (CIL)
Coal India with a market capitalization of Rs. 197796.95 crores (as on 30 June 2016) is the leading coal producing company. Founded in the year 1975 Coal India with its headquarters in Kolkata, produces around 81.1% of India’s overall coal production. It is a Maharatna company with seven wholly owned coal producing subsidiary companies through which coal production is done. The President of India holds 79.65% of shares and 6.04% of the shares are held by Life Insurance Corporation of India. CIL has an international presence in Tete province in Mozambique where exploration in 2 coal blocks is in progress. CIL has joint ventures with Steel Authority of India Limited, Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited, NMDC Limited and NTPC Limited
2. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
ONGC with a market capitalization of Rs.185055.25 crores (as on 30 June 2016), is one of the Maharatna companies of India with its headquarter located in Dehra Dun, Uttarakhand. It was founded in the year 1956 and operates under the control of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. The President of India holds 68.93% of shares and the rest of the major shares are held by Life Insurance Corporation of India, Indian Oil Corporation Limited and Gas Authority of India Limited. It produces approximately 69% of India’s crude oil and 62% of India’s natural gas, exploring about 26 sedimentary basins in India for hydrocarbons and operating over 11000 kilometers of pipelines in the country. ONGC has two joint ventures, one with Tripura Power Company and the other with Petro Additions limited. ONGC also has an international presence, ONGC Videsh Limited which has stake in 33 oil and gas projects in 16 countries.
3. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
Founded in the year 1975, NTPC Limited is a central government undertaking under the Ministry of Power. It is one of the Maharatna companies of India, with its headquarter in New Delhi. NTPC with a market capitalization of Rs. 128959.06 crores (as on 30 June 2016), is India’s biggest power major with a commissioned capacity of 45,548MW with more than 20 power plants in different parts of the country. The government holds about 69.96% of the shares in the company. The company generates power from coal, gas and liquid fuel. NTPC is located in 55 regions in India, 1 in Sri Lanka and 2 in Bangladesh. NTPC has joint ventures with SAIL and other state electricity boards. It has also made international joint ventures with Ceylon Electricity Board, Sri Lanka (CEB) and Bangladesh Power Development Board.
4. Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
IOCL with a market capitalization of Rs. 106975.59 crores (as on 30 June 2016) is among the leading oil and gas companies in India, it has its headquarters in New Delhi. The company is ranked 119th in the world according to Fortune Global 500 list and is one of the Maharatna companies of India. IOCL controls 11 of India’s 23 refineries. Government of India holds 58.6% of the shares and the rest of the shares are held by Oil & Natural Gas Corp. Ltd. Life Insurance Corp. of India. It has also formed about 20 joint ventures with reputed business partners from India and abroad to pursue diverse business interests. IOCL has international ventures with Sri Lanka, Mauritius and Middle East
5. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
BPCL is a Navaratna company with a market capitalization of Rs. 77362.78 crores (as on 30 June 2016), headquartered in Mumbai. It operates four refineries in Mumbai, Kochi, Numaligarh (Assam) and Bina (Madhya Pradesh). Government of India holds 54.93% of the shares. The company is ranked 280th on the Fortune Global 500 list. BPCL has joint ventures with about 19 companies
6. Power Grid Corporation of India (POWERGRID)
POWERGRID is a state owned Navaratna company headquartered in Gurgaon. Having a market capitalization of Rs. 75441.37 crores (as on 30 June 2016), POWERGRID is responsible for transmitting half of the total power generated in India. It has 13 joint ventures and 11 subsidiaries. Government holds 57.90% of the shares. It also has a telecom company, POWERTEL which has presence in over 200 cities across India.
7. GAIL (INDIA) LTD.
GAIL is a Maharatna company with a market capitalization of Rs. 48224.50 crores (as on 30 June 2016). It is headquartered in New Delhi, GAIL has a large network of pipelines of more than 11,000 kilometers and 6 LPG processing plants. Government holds 56.11% of the shares. GAIL has 17 Joint Ventures and 5 Subsidiaries. GAIL has overseas presence in 5 countries and a wholly owned subsidiary GAIL Global (USA) Inc.
8. National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC)
NMDC is a government controlled mineral producing company with its headquarters in Hyderabad. It was started in the year 1958 and is now a Navaratna company with a market capitalization of Rs. 37189.04 crores (as on 30 June 2016). NMDC is under the administrative control of Ministry of Steel and is India’s single largest iron ore producer, presently producing about 30 million tonnes of iron ore. Government holds about 80% of the shares of NMDC. NMDC has two mines in Chhattisgarh and one mine in Karnataka, it also operates the only mechanized diamond mine in the country at Panna in Madhya Pradesh.
9. HINDUSTAN PETROLEUM CORP.LTD (HPCL)
HPCL is a Navaratna company with a market capitalization of Rs. 33725.58 crores (as on 30 June 2016). Headquartered in Mumbai it is an Indian state-owned oil and natural gas company. HPCL has two Refineries located in Mumbai and Visakhapatnam. HPCL has the second largest share of product pipelines in India with a pipeline network of more than 2,500 kms for transportation of petroleum products. Government holds 51.11% of the shares and HPCL is ranked 327th in the Fortune 500 list. HPCL has 11 joint ventures and 4 subsidiaries
10. BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS LIMITED (BHEL)
BHEL is a Maharatna company with a market capitalization of Rs. 31243.61 crores (as on 30 June 2016). Headquartered in New Delhi, it is engaged in manufacturing of electrical and industrial equipment. BHEL has a widespread network of 17 Manufacturing Divisions, 2 Repair Units. Government holds 63.1% of shares. BHEL has export orders from 17 countries with maiden orders from Belgium and Mozambique. BHEL also has gas-based projects, thermal power projects and hydro power plants in many countries such as Malaysia, Oman, Iraq, UAE, Bhutan, Egypt and New Zealand.